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작성일 : 16-07-12 16:00
The Chronological Record of Manhae Han Yong-un
 글쓴이 : 만해마을
조회 : 114  
   만해_한용운_연보_영어_.hwp (32.0K) [1] DATE : 2016-07-12 16:06:19
The Chronological Record of Manhae Han Yong-un
 
Year
(Age)
Content
1879
(1)
- Born in 491 Seonggok-ri, Gyeolseong-myeon, Hongseong-gun, Chungcheongnam-do on Aug 29 (Jul 12 by the lunar calendar) as the second son between father Han Eung-jun and mother On Yang-bang.
- Family clan, Cheongju; baby name, Yucheon; registered name, Jeongok
1884
(6)
- Studied Chinese classics in Seodang, a private village school of his home town.
1886
(8)
- Moved to the downtown of Hongseong-eup, and continued to study the Chinese literature.
1887
(9)
- Studied Zizhi tongjian (General Mirror for the Aid of Government), Great Learning, Xixiangi (the West Chamber), and the Book of History, etc.
1892
(14)
- Married to Jeon Jeong-suk.
1896
(18)
- Served as a teacher in Seodang of his home town.
- Left home for new challenge to enter into the Sokrisa Temple, Boeun.
1897
(19)
- Studied at the Woljeongsa Temple, Kangwon-do.
1898
(20)
- Moved to the Baekdam Temple, Mt. Soraksan,
Received the ten Buddhist novice precepts (the monk’s name, Pongwan (奉玩)).
1903
(25)
- Challenged to the journey to Siberia for the tour across the world.
- Returned from abroad, retreated to Ose-am hermitage, and implemented the meditation practice.
1904
(26)
- Planned to go to Japan but failed to do so.
- Returned to his home town, and then left Hongseong again.
- His son Jeon Bo-guk was born.
1905
(27)
- Entered into the Beakdamsa Temple again on Jan 26, and received the precepts for a bhikku (master, Kim Yon-gok; teacher of precepts, Jeon Young-je)
- Learned the Gisinnon, Surangama Sutra, and Complete Enlightenment Sutra from Yi Hak-am (the Baekdamsa temple) in Apr.
1907
(29)
- Implemented the first meditation retreat at the Konbongsa temple.
- Received his Buddhist confirmation from Seon Master Manhwa (Buddhist name, Yong-un (龍雲)).
1908
(30)
- Learned the Hwaeomgyeong from Seo Wol-ha at the Yujeomsa Temple in Apr.
- Made tours and studied in Japan from May to Oct (Imjejong Univ).
- Returned from Japan in Oct, and learned Hwaeomgyeong and Banyagyeong from Yi Hak-am at the Konbongsa Temple.
- Opened the Gyeongseong Myeongjin Cheukryang Gangseupso on Dec 10, and worked as its director.
1909
(31)
- Worked as the master instructor of the sutra school, the Pyohunsa Temple on Jul 30.
1910
(32)
- Submitted the written petition to request the permission of the marriage of monks to Jungchuwon and Tonggambu in Mar and Sept.
- Worked as the master instructor of Hwasan sutra school, the Hwajangsa Temple starting Sept 20.
- Finished writing “Choseon Bulgyo Yushillon (On Revitalizing Korean Buddhism)“ on Dec 8.
1911
(33)
- Played a leading role in the Imjejong movement opposing against the formation of the alliance with Japan’s Sodo (sect) by Won (sect).
- Worked as the head of general affairs and deputy director of the Imjejong (sect) Chongmuwon (Korean Buddhist Center for Imje Sect), and then assumed the position of Director of the Imjejong (sect) Chongmuwon on Mar 16. Moved the Chongmuwon to the Beomeosa Temple.
- Toured through Manchuria in Oct.
1912
(34)
- Opened the Imjejong Central Dharma Propagation Center in May.
- Forced to change the name of the Imjejong Central Dharma Propagation Center to the Seonjong Central Dharma Propagation Center by the Japanese intervention in Jun.
- Established the Buddhist alliance with the Chosun Bulgyohoe for the popularization of the Buddhism in Aug but eventually failed to do so.
- Read the Complete Collection of Buddhist Sutras during his stay at the Tongdosa Temple.
1913
(35)
- Contributed the article “The Unity of monks” (part of “The Restoration of Korean Buddhism (Joseonbulgyo-yusimlon)) in the magazine Chosun Bulgyo Wolbo from Mar to Apr. This was the first time that his pen name Manhae (萬海) appeared.
- Inaugurated to the master instructor of the sutra school, the Tongdosa Temple on May 19.
1914
(36)
- Selected as the president of the Chosun Bulgyo Gangguhoe in Apr.
- Published Bulgyo-daejeon on Apr 30 (the Beomeosa Temple as the publishing institution).
1915
(37)
- Inaugurated to a missionary of the Chosun Seonjong Central Dharma Propagation Center on May 19.
1917
(39)
- Published “Jeong Seon-gang’s Caigentan (菜根譚)” at the Shinmun-gwan on Apr 4.
- Realized during sitting meditation at Ose-am on Dec 3.
1918
(40)
- Published “Whole Mind” (Yusim), a monthly magazine in Sept with the job title of publisher (ended at the third issue)
1919
(41)
- Discussed about 3. 1 Independence Movement with the Cheondo-gyo circle including Chae Lin in Jan.
- Brought national leaders from the Buddhism and Confucianism sides into his embrace in Feb, and added the Public Pledge Three Chapters to the Declaration.
- Attended the Independence Declaration ceremony at the Taehwa-gwan in Mar and played an important role in the declaration, for which he was later imprisoned by Japan.
- Composed “Reasons for Korean Independence“ (Joseondoglib-i-yuseo) on Jul 10.
- Convicted at the Gyeongseong district court on Aug 9.
1921
(43)
- Released on Dec 22, and stayed in the Seonhakwon.
1922
(44)
- Initiated the Boepbohoe, the organization for the sutra translation and the popularization of Buddhism on Mar 24.
- Became an initiator of the Seonwu-Gongjehoe of the Seonhakwon from Mar 29 to 30.
- Participated the Minripdaehak Giseonghoe in Nov.
1923
(45)
- Selected as the member of the executive committee, the Central Dept. of the Minrip-daehak Giseonghoe on Mar 31, and selected as the member of the standing executive committee on Apr 2.
1924
(46)
- Became the Chair of the Buddhist youth assembly on Jan 6.
1925
(47)
- Finished writing Siphyeondam-juhae at Ose-am on Jun 7.
- Finished writing Nim-ui Chimmuk on Aug 29.
1926
(48)
- Published Siphyeondam-juhae by Beopbohoe on May 15 (not for sale, Beopbosi)
Published Nim-ui Chimmuk at the Seodong-hoegwan on May 20.
- Arrested at the preliminary arrest of 6. 10 Manse movement at the Seonhakwon on Jun 7.
1927
(49)
- Participated as an initiator of the Shingan-hoe on Jan 19, and then was elected to the member of the central executive committee, the Shinganhoe on Feb 15.
- Elected to the head of Gyeongseong branch, the Shingan-hoe on Jun 10.
1928
(50)
- Compiled and published “Konbongsa geup konbongsa bonmalsa yakji” in Aug.
1929
(51)
- Arrested for the incident of Minjung Daehoe in the Kwangju Student movement in Dec.
1930
(52)
- Selected as party leader of Mandang, an Anti-Japanese secret organization in May (unofficial).
- Retreated to Sajik-dong, Jongro, Seoul.
1931
(53)
- Inaugurated as the president of the Bulgyosa, the publisher of the Bulgyo in Jun.
- Discovered and confirmed Hangul printing woodblocks at the Ansimsa Temple, Jeonju in Jul.
1932
(54)
- Drew Hangul printing woodblocks preserved at the Ansimsa Temple in Dec.
- Took first place by a large majority off the list of the Buddhist community‘s most typical persons selected by the magazine “Bulgyo.”
1933
(55)
- Resigned the president of the Bulgyosa due to the suspension of the Bulgyo in Jul.
- Married to Yu Won-suk (the second marriage). Built the house Simujang in Seongbuk-dong, Seoul and stayed there.
1934
(56)
- Birth of his daughter Han Young-suk in Sept.
1935
(57)
- His novel “Dark Wind” (Heukpung) began to appear serially in the Chosun Ilbo from Apr 9 (until Feb 4, 1936).
1936
(58)
- His novel “Regret” (Huhoe) began to appear serially in the Chosun Ilbo (final issue, the 50th installment).
- Set up the tombstone of Shin Chae-ho (the cost covered by his manuscript fee from the Chosun Ilbo; the epitaph written by O Se-chang).
- Held the centennial memorial ceremony since the death of Dasan Jeong Yak-yong (with Jeong In-bo and Ahn Jae-hong) on Jul 16.
1937
(59)
- After the death of Kim Dong-sam, an anti-Japanese activist of Manchuria in Mar, received and buried his body.
- His novel “Cheolhyeol-miin“ appeared serially in the new first and second publications of “Bulgyo“.
1939
(61)
- Held his 60th birthday celebration party at the Cheongryangsa Temple (Jul 12 by the lunar calendar).
- Held the tree planting as the celebration of his 60th birthday at the Dasolsa Temple.
- Began to translate and publish “Romance of the Three Kingdoms“ serially in the Chosun Ilbo (until the newspaper‘s shut down in Aug in 1940).
1942
(64)
- Proceeded to publish a collection of manuscripts left unpublished in Shin Chae-ho’s lifetime (with Choi Beom-sul, Park Gwang, and Shin Wu-baek), but failed to do so.
1944
(66)
- Passed away in the Simujang on Jun 29. Cremated at the Miari Crematory, and buried in the Manguri Cemetery.
 
만해 한용운 연보
1879(1)
829(음력 712) 부친 한응준과 모친 온양방씨 사이의 2남으로 충청남도 홍성군 결성면 성곡리 491번지에서 출생.
본관은 청주, 어린시절의 이름은 유천, 호적이름은 정옥.
1884(6)
향리 서당에서 한학 수학.
1886(8)
홍성읍내로 이주, 한학 공부 지속.
1887(9)
통감, 대학, 서상기, 서경 등을 공부.
1892(14)
전정숙과 결혼.
1896(18)
향리의 서당 선생, 새로운 도전을 위해 가출. 보은의 속리사로 입산.
1897(19)
월정사 강원에서 수학.
1898(20)
설악산 백담사로 이전, 사미계 수계(법명, 奉玩).
1903(25)
세계일주를 위한 시베리아행 도전,
귀국 석왕사 칩거, 참선.
1904(26)
일본행 계획, 실패. 홍성으로 귀향, 홍성 재 가출.
아들인 전보국 출생.
1905(27)
126일 백담사 재입산, 비구계 수계(은사 김연곡으로, 계사는 전영제)
4, 이학암(백담사)에게 기신론, 능엄경, 원각경을 배움.
1907(29)
건봉사에서 최초의 안거 수행
만화선사로부터 전법(당호, 龍雲).
1908(30)
4월 유점사에서 서월하에게 화엄경 배움.
5~10월 일본으로 시찰 겸 유학(임제종대학).
10월 귀국, 건봉사에서 이학암에게 화엄경과 반야경 배움.
1210일 경성명진측량강습소 개설, 소장.
1909(31)
730일 표훈사 강원 강사.
1910(32)
3, 9월 중추원과 통감부에 승려의 결혼을 허용해달라는 건백서 제출.
920, 화장사 화산강숙 강사.
128,조선불교유신론탈고.
1911(33)
원종의 조동종 맹약에 반대하는 임제종운동 주도. 임제종 종무원의 서무부장 겸 관장 서리,
316일 임제종 종무원 관장에 취임, 종무원을 범어사로 이전.
10월 만주지방 순행.
1912(34)
5월 임제종중앙포교당 개설
6월 임제종중앙포교당을 일제 외압으로 선종중앙포교당으로 명칭 변경.
8월 불교대중화를 위해 조선불교회와 불교동맹 결성, 좌절. 통도사에 머무르며 대장경 열람.
1913(35)
3~4조선불교월보<승려의 단결>(조선불교유신론일부 원고) 기고. 이 때에 처음으로 필명, 자호인 萬海를 사용.
519일 통도사 강원 강사에 취임.
1914(36)
4월 조선불교강구회 총재.
430불교대전을 간행(범어사를 발행처로).
1915(37)
519일 조선선종중앙포교당 포교사에 취임.
1917(39)
44일 신문관에서 정선강의 채근담발간
123일 오세암에서 좌선중 깨달음.
1918(40)
9월 월간 교양잡지유심을 발간, 발행인(3호로 중단)
1919(41)
1월 최린 등 천도교측과 3·1운동 논의.
2월 불교, 유교측의 민족대표 포섭. 공약삼장 추가.
3월 태화관에서 독립선언식 참여, 주도. 일제에 피체.
710<조선독립 이유서> 작성.
89일 경성지방법원에서 유죄 판결.
1921(43)
1222일 석방, 선학원에 머무름
1922(44)
324일 역경과 불교대중화를 위한 단체인 법보회 발기.
329~30일 선학원의 선우공제회 발기인.
11월 민립대학기성회에 참여.
1923(45)
331일 민립대학기성회의 중앙부 집행위원에 피선, 42일 상무집행위원에 피선.
1924(46)
16일 조선불교청년회 회장에 취임.
1925(47)
67일 오세암에서십현담주해탈고.
829님의침묵탈고.
1926(48)
515일 법보회에서십현담주해발간(비매품, 법보시)
520일 회동서관에서님의 침묵발간..
67일 선학원에서 6·10만세운동 예비검속으로 구속.
1927(49)
119일 신간회 발기인으로 참여. 215일 신간회 중앙집행위원으로 피선.
610일 신간회 경성지회장으로 피선.
1928(50)
8건봉사급건봉사본말사약지편찬, 발간.
1929(51)
12월 광주학생운동의 민중대회 사건으로 구속.
1930(52)
5월 항일비밀결사 만당의 당수로 추대(비공식).
서울 종로의 사직동에 칩거.
1931(53)
6불교의 발간처인 불교사 사장으로 취임
7월 전주 안심사의 한글경판 발견, 확인.
1932(54)
12월 안심사(전주)에 보관되었던 한글경판을 인출.
불교지 선정 불교계 대표인물 선정에서 절대 다수로 1위 차지.
1933(55)
7불교휴간으로 불교사 사장에서 퇴직.
유숙원과 결혼(재혼). 서울 성북동에 심우장을 짓고, 머무름.
1934(56)
9월 딸 한영숙 출생.
1935(57)
49, 조선일보에 소설, <흑풍> 연재 시작(1936  24일까지).
1936(58)
조선중앙일보에 소설, <후회> 연재(50회로 중단).
신채호 묘비 건립(비용은 조선일보의 원고료로 충당, 글씨는 오세창이 씀). 716, 다산 정약용서거 백년기념회 개최(정인보, 안재홍과 함께).
1937(59)
3월 만주의 항일운동가 김동삼이 서거하자, 유해 인수하여 장례를 치룸.
불교1~2집에 소설, <철혈미인> 연재.
1939(61)
청량사에서 회갑연 개최(음력 712). 다솔사에서 회갑 기념식수.
조선일보에 삼국지를 번역, 연재 시작(19408, 조선일보 폐간시까지).
1942(64)
신채호 유고집 발간 추진, 좌절(최범술, 박광, 신백우와 함께).
1944(66)
629일 심우장에서 입적. 미아리 화장터에서 화장하고 그 유해는 망우리 공동묘지에 안장.

 
 
 







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